Auxiliary Verb | Meaning of Auxiliary Verb | Functions of Auxiliary Verb | Examples of Auxiliary Verb

However, the auxiliary verb or the helping verb are generally used together along with the main verb. In order to show the verb’s tense or to form a negative or question.

For example:

  • She is writing a letter to her friend.
  • Does Sam write all his own reports?
  • The secretaries haven’t written all the letters yet.
  • Ema is baking pie for meal.
  • Sarah doesn’t ski or roller skate.

Functions of Auxiliary Verbs:

  1. They provide time reference by expressing tense i.e. past, present, or future.
  2. Grammatical aspect.
  3. It also quantifies verbs.
  4. Describes relation between action expressed by verb and participants identified by the verb’s subject, object.
  5. Adds emphasis to a sentence

However, these verbs appear together along with the main verb, and though there are only a few of them.

Three Common Auxiliary Verbs:

  1. Have
  2. Do
  3. Be

Have:

This verb can stand alone in all tenses. It includes has, have, having, had, hadn’t and had not. However, it denotes ownership and it can be used to discuss ability or describe appearance. Moreover, this verb have is always teamed up with another verb to create a complete verb phrase.

For example:

  • Jerry has coffee stain on his shirt.
  • I have purchased a new pair of shoes.
  • I have done my work.
  • Dad has been working hard all day.
  • You should have been more careful.

Do:

It includes to do, do, does, done, did and didn’t, doesn’t or did not. This is always paired up with other verb. In order to create or complete a verb phrase.

For example:

  • What do you think?
  • He plays piano well, doesn’t he?
  • We don’t want to go there.
  • Jerry didn’t put his coffee in a cup with a lid.
  • Did Matthew bring coffee?

Be:

There are various used of this. It includes be, to be, been, am, are, is, was, were, wasn’t, was not aren’t, are not, weren’t and were not. It can be singular or plural, present or past. Negative sentences are formed by adding not.

For example:

  • She is playing.
  • Jerry is messy.
  • There are many players.
  • I was not here.
  • You should be with her.