Intransitive Verb | Meaning of Intransitive Verb | Examples of Intransitive Verb

The verbs can be the tricky things. As the difference between the transitive and intransitive verbs often confounds even the best grammar students and writers. However, an Intransitive verb defines as a verb that does not take a direct object. As there is no word is present in the sentence which will tell us about who or what received the action. Moreover, there may be a word or a phrase present following the Intransitive verb such words and phrases typically answer the question “how”. Most intransitive verbs are complete without a direct object.

Thus, these verbs do not require any direct object in order to complete their meaning. However, many of them are being followed by an adjective, adverb, preposition or verb complement (gerund or infinitive). Hence, here is a list of the common intransitive verbs. Such as: come, explode, laugh, sit, rise, excel, respond, run, cough, swim, emigrate, smile, act, cry, immigrate, lie, arrive, continue, die, go.

Examples of Intransitive Verbs:

  • Fire burns brightly.
  • I work for a large firm in Paris.
  • They laughed uncontrollably.
  • If Cathy continues to be late for work, the boss will fire her.
  • The bomb exploded in the city center.
  • We arrived around midday.
  • She sneezed loudly.
  • Your baby cries a lot.
  • His grandfather died last year.
  • The trees were moving in the breeze.

Some Verbs Can Be Both Transitive or Intransitive:

However, there may be certain verbs which can be both transitive as well as intransitive. Its totally depends on their meanings. So in order to determine this that the verb is being used transitively or intransitively, all you need to do is determine whether the verb has an object. As the verb can be transitive if you receive the answer of your question in yes.

For example:

Transitive: I stopped the car.                                                                                                                                                                                                            Intransitive: The car stopped.

Transitive: I broke my coffee mug.                                                                                                                                                                                                  Intransitive: My coffee mug broke.

Transitive: The summer heat melted my ice cream.                                                                                                                                                                      Intransitive: My ice cream melted.

Transitive: New Zealand won the match.                                                                                                                                                                      Intransitive: New Zealand won.

Transitive: She speaks Arabic.                                                                                                                                                                                      Intransitive:  She speaks very quickly.