Present Perfect Tense | Examples Of Present Perfect Tense | Formula Of Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action that occurred or have completed sometime in the past. However, it combines the present tense and the perfect aspect. It is used to express an event that has happened in the past that has present consequences. Moreover, present perfect tense show link between present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and when writing letters.

Formula: Subject + have/has + main verb (past participle form)

Rule: 1. In singular subjects (he, she, it, sita, boy etc.) use has. And in I and plural subjects (we, you, they, boys) use have.                                                2. After has/have use 3rd form of verb.

For example:

  • I have gone to Ajmer.
  • You have seen America.
  • She has read a letter.
  • Mukul has taught us this lesson.

Negative Sentences:

In this we use not after has/have. However, before 3rd form of the verb we put not in this.

Formula: Subject + has/have + not + 3rd form of verb.

For example:

  • She has not cooked food.
  • You have not eaten a banana.
  • Virendra has not taught us this lesson.
  • The teacher has not taught us this lesson.
  • You have not seen America.

Interrogative Sentences:

In this sentences starts with has/have. However, we put subject after has/have and then we use 3rd form of verb.

Formula: Has/Have + subject + 3rd form of verb.

For example:

  • Have you seen America?
  • Have you eaten a banana?
  • When have you read this story?
  • Have they gone to Pali?
  • Has she read a letter?

Interrogative-negative Sentences:

However, in this sentence usually starts with Has/Have. After this we put subject of the sentence and then not. Then we use 3rd form of the verb in the sentence to complete it.

Formula: Has/Have + Subject + Not + 3rd form of verb.

For example:

  • Have you not eaten apple?
  • Have you not seen America?
  • Why have you not written a story?
  • What have you not eaten?
  • Has she not read a letter?

Use of For and Since:

Rules: 1. If you can count the time then use For (9 hours, 5 days).                                                                                                                                                       2. If point of time is given use since (since 26th August, Since 10 o’ clock).

For Example:

  • I have played for 2 hours.
  • I Have played since 9 in the morning.